1. Describe the basis of feminist criminology. Essay

888 Words Feb 19th, 2014 4 Pages
Feminist criminology emerged out of the realisation that criminology has from its inception centred on men and the crimes they commit. Although it can be argued female criminality was researched by Lombroso, as far back as 1800’s, female crime, it’s causes and the impact in which it had on society was largely ignored by the criminological futurity. Those Criminologist who did attempt to research female crime such as Thomas and Pollak were not only very damning of women but were also very condescending, choosing to stereotype them as either Madonna or whore (Feinman). Law abiding women were described as passive, obedient, chastic, childlike whereas the deviant as aggressive, defiant, sexually impulsive, becomingly adult and even …show more content…
209%.4
•Women in state prisons in 2003 were more likely than men to be incarcerated for a drug offense
(29% vs. 19%) or property offense (30% vs. 20%) and less likely than men to be incarcerated for a violent offense (35% vs. 53%).5
RACE AND ETHNICITY
•Black women represent 30 percent of all females incarcerated under state or federal jurisdiction, and Hispanic women 16 percent.6
•In 2005, black women were more than three times as likely as white women to be incarcerated in prison or jail, and Hispanic women 69% more likely.7
PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES
•Women in state prison in 1998 were more likely to report using drugs at the time of their offense than men (40% vs. 32%), and nearly one-third reported that they had committed their offense to obtain money to buy drugs.12
•More than half (57%) of women incarcerated under state jurisdiction reported that they had experienced either sexual or physical abuse before their admission to prison.13
•Nearly three-quarters (73.1%) of women in state prison in 2005 had a mental health problem, compared to 55% of men in prison.14
•Women in prison are considerably more likely than men to have been diagnosed with a mental illness. In state prisons in 1998, 23.6% of women were identified as mentally ill, compared to
15.8% of men, while in federal prisons the proportions were 12.5% of women and 7% of men.15

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