Essay about Abnormal Psychology & Therapy

1722 Words Mar 18th, 2011 7 Pages
Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper

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PSY 300

July 2, 2010

Abnormal Psychology and Therapy

Upon researching what the word psychology means many definitions may be found. However, once all those definitions have been deciphered you will find that psychology is the study of an individual’s mental and emotional state and thought processes. The intention of therapy within psychology is to diagnose, treat, and in time help individuals improve from whatever psychological infirmity that they are experiencing. Comparison and Contrast of Normal and Abnormal Psychology The word normal is characterized by what the majority of a society views as typical. Depending on the culture of an individual the meaning of
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Kowalski and Westen (2009) stated, “Schizophrenia is an umbrella term for a number of psychotic disorders that involve disturbances in nearly every dimension of human psychology, including thought, perception, behavior, language, communication, and emotion” (Chapter 14, p. 541). Some researchers believe that Schizophrenia is inherited form the family. Schizophrenia can be caused by an imbalance of the chemicals known as serotonin and dopamine. Not enough information is known about Schizophrenia to cure it, but symptom can be treated with medication and therapy.

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that affects a person’s mood swings and causes manic episodes. Kowalski and Westen (2009) stated, “Individuals with bipolar disorder have manic episodes but often experience both emotional poles, depression and mania” (Chapter 14, p. 535). A Bipolar manic episode can make a Bipolar suffer feel extremely happy, energetic and restless when in a high manic mood. A low mood episode can cause sadness, hopelessness, and tiered. Bipolar illness can affect the life of suffers by making it difficult to live a normal life. Scientists believe that Bipolar is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. A cure has not been found for bipolar, but it can be treated with medicine.

Similarities among Therapies in Treating Disorders There are four different approaches that can be taken when dealing with the treatment of mental

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