Essay about Abnormal Psychology

1651 Words Jun 20th, 2013 7 Pages
Abstract

The following paper includes such topics of normal and abnormal psychology. Discussed with these topics are definitions of each as well as the similarities and differences between them both. Included here also is a discussion and explanation of two mental disorders and two mental illnesses all taken from the psychology perspective. As the reader will see, normal and abnormal psychology as well as the mental disorders and illnesses are common issues that could happen to any person or affect any family at any time. In addition to learning about the disorders and illnesses the reader will also learn about possible therapies for treating these mental disorders and illnesses. Mental disorders and mental illnesses objectively studied
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Then there is Biological, which focuses on physical problems in the brain. In all form of therapy there is a common goal, which is to understand and find the root of the problem(s). In most forms of therapy across the different schools of thought, the first goal is to help the individual to discuss his or her problems. In that, they face them in some way but some therapies focus more on the aspect of facing problems to overcome them. In cognitive or behaviorist schools of thought there are techniques that involve classic conditioning to the fear or problem by facing it and turning the negative experiences into positive ones. Techniques that involve the therapist modeling the desired behavior to encourage the patient to participate in it are participatory modeling, skills training, and cognitive therapy. The humanistic approach to therapy involves positive regard for the patient’s feelings and helping him or her to become more insightful to his or her own feelings. In the family and marital therapy the therapist will focus on the behavior of the patient in his or her family and marital environments by having the group or couple work on communication, boundaries, and alliances. The Group therapy approach focuses on a group of patients and allows him or her to share experiences and feelings so that the individual can gain perspective on his or her own problems. The goal of any form of therapy is similar; the patient

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