Albinism - Paper

663 Words Mar 15th, 2012 3 Pages
Introduction
Albinism is the state or condition being an albino. Also it is often caused by the absence of tyrosinase, an enzyme essential for the production of cellular pigment. Albinism is a form of hypopigmentary congenital disorder, characterized by a partial hypomelanism or total lack of melanin pigment in the eyes, skin, and hair. Albinism results from inheritance of recessive alleles. Also another term used for albinism is an albino. Albinism is hereditary; it is not an infectious disease and cannot be transmitted through contact blood transfusions or other rectors. Many types of albinism exist, all of which involve lack of pigment in varying degrees. The condition, which is found in all races, may be accompanied by eye problems
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Although people with albinism may experience a variety of eye problems, one of the myths about albinism is that it causes people to have pink or red eyes. The eye needs melanin pigment to develop normal vision. People with albinism have impairment of vision because the eye does not have a normal amount of melanin pigment during development. The skin needs pigment for protection from sun damage, and people with albinism often sunburn easily. In tropical areas, many people with albinism who do not protect their skin get skin cancers. Albinism is a condition that cannot be cured, but small things can be done to improve the quality of life for those affected. Most importantly to improve vision, protect the eyes from bright lights, and avoid skin damage from sunlight.
Conclusion
In conclusion our research paper is about albinism. Our research paper talks about how albinism occurs, the symptoms and causes, and the treatment. It is often caused by the absence of tyrosinase, an enzyme essential for the production of cellular pigment. It is hereditary, not an infectious disease. It cannot be transmitted through sex. The symptoms and causes are when the eyes move irregular back and forth fast. The main problems of albinism are caused by the inability of the body to produce melanin pigment. People with albinism have impairment of vision because the eye does not have a normal amount of melanin pigment

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