Ancient Rome : History And Politics Essay

1003 Words Jul 9th, 2015 5 Pages
Ancient Rome: History and Politics The Roman civilization began in a small Latin village during the 8th century BCE, today’s capital of Italy. There are many speculations as to how the city was founded with the most famous being the tale of Romulus and Remus. They were twin brothers that suckled from a she-wolf and were fed by a woodpecker and fought over the location of the city they wanted to build. Thus, Romulus killed Remus and named the city Rome after himself. Throughout the years, Rome was influenced by the Greeks and the Etruscans that would trade through the city. Their influences affected their art, theater, architecture, and politics. The Roman civilization put in place a republic government after they overthrew their Etruscan conquerors in 509 BCE. This government allowed the citizens to elect representatives to solve problems and rule on their behalf. The aristocracy, or the upper class, dominated the early Roman Republic. In Roman society, the aristocrats were known as patricians. The highest positions in the government were held by two consuls, or leaders, who ruled the Roman Republic. A senate composed of patricians elected these consuls. At this time, lower class citizens, or plebeians, had virtually no say in the government. Both men and women were citizens in the Roman Republic, but only men could vote. The Roman Republic lasted until 49 BCE when there began to be confrontations in the senate between Julius Caesar, his political supporters, and his…

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