Brain Functions and Psychology Essay

1850 Words May 22nd, 2015 8 Pages
Brain Functions and Psychology

Abstract
Different specialties within the field of psychology are interested in various divisions of the human brain due to its elaborate and multifaceted relationship between behavior and the brain. The brain or encephalon can be divided in to a varying number of divisions that are explored by different specialty groups within the field of psychology including biological psychologists, cognitive neuroscientist, cognitive psychologists, neuropsychologists, and general research psychologists. Research performed by different psychology professionals on the brain offers a venue for gaining further understanding of certain conditions such as multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and
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The two hemispheres interpret emotional states and reactions, control higher level functioning, make complicated human judgments, and store and retrieve memories. Also of interest to psychology professionals is an aspect of the limbic system which is responsible for regulating emotional behaviors (Breedlove et al., 2013).

Understanding the biological basis of behavior is a key goal for psychology professionals. To gain a better understanding researcher investigate the chemical and electrical communication systems within the brain. Understanding how nerve cells communicate and the role neurotransmitters can play in the regulation of behavior leads the psychology profession one step closer to fully understanding the human brain.

Breaking Down the Different Professions

Biological psychologists focus on neural functioning and general biology of the brain. Behavioral neuroscientists study how structures within the brain such as the hippocampus and surrounding tissue contribute to overall human functioning (Roediger & Wertsch, 2008). Cognitive neuroscientist use imaging procedures to gain a graphic representation of neural activity during the encoding and recall process (Roediger & Wertsch, 2008). Cognitive psychologists use behavioral experiments to study learning and memory (Roediger & Wertsch, 2008). Neuropsychologists study diseases of the brain such

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