Causes And Treatment Of Smoking Essay

1001 Words Jul 16th, 2015 5 Pages
. Blood tests may also be used to check the white blood cell count, which can sometimes reveal an acute infection. Blood tests along with chest x-rays can be used to assess for pneumonia, bronchitis, or other respiratory infections that can make emphysema worse. Arterial blood gases are also typically ordered to help doctors determine how much oxygen and carbon dioxide are in the blood.
TREATMENT
Even though there is no cure for emphysema, treatments can help relieve symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Generally, a doctor will prescribe treatments in a stepwise fashion, based on the stage of the disease. Recommending that patients quit smoking cigarettes may ease the progression of the disease and should improve the function of the lungs to some degree. On the whole, as people age their lung function decline; therefore, those people who are predisposed to developing emphysema, cigarette smoking can significantly increase the deterioration of lung function as they continue to smoke for long periods of time. For this reason, smoking cessation is very important. Smoking cessation include but are not limited to support groups, nicotine replacement and oral therapies. These various therapies may help to break the smoking addiction and begin the improvement of lung function and quality of life for patients. Bronchodilators, which help to open up the airways and allow better air exchange, are usually the first-line medications that are prescribed for patients…

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