Essay on Climate Change Is A Threat Of Human Rights

1210 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 null Page
Introduction

Climate Change is a global phenomenon that international policy-makers are quickly coming to realise is a serious problem in need of being addressed immediately (Koh et al., 3). The rapid warming of the earth has, in the past, been dismissed as unimportant; ‘simply a concern for polar bears stranded on melting ice caps’, but in actuality, Climate Change is a huge human rights crisis. There are numerous people who have to worry about losing a basic human right – the right to a home – because soon the land that they live on will cease to exist above sea level (“Why Climate Change is a Threat to Human Rights”). Now knowing this, countries around the world are working on international agreements to fix this problem.

One such agreement is the Kyoto Protocol, an amendment to the UNFCCC that was negotiated in 1997 and officially implemented in 2005. It set out to mitigate climate change by reducing the emissions of six greenhouse gases

 Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride (UNFCCC, 2014)

within the period of 2008-2012. The specific target was to have an overall reduction of 5.2%
 Roughly 29% of the amount that would otherwise have occurred by 2010 standards (Henson, 2011)

from developing (specifically Annex 1) countries
 Each country had a different percentage goal assigned to them based on their energy mix and how their economy was doing at the time (Schiermeier, 2012)

as compared to the base year…

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