Critically Evaluate Feminist Explanations of Female Criminal Behaviour.

2522 Words Jan 24th, 2013 11 Pages
Critically evaluate feminist explanations of female criminal behaviour.

The involvement of females in crime and as the committers of crime was once a rare phenomenon but in recent years a dramatic increase has been seen all over the world. In England and Wales statistics have shown between 1994 and 2006 female crimes have steadily increased and have since continued to do so (MOJ 2009). Many sociological explanations and interpretations have arisen to coincide this surge in female offending as to understand its recent development in society. This assignment will look at different feminist explanations and critically evaluate them and their value in understanding female crime.

In contemporary society women still commit less crimes than
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Indeed, recording and dealing with female crime has been on the majority by the male counterpart as they dominate the criminal justice system. Any interpretation has often been by a male theorist who’s given explanation is often just a comparison to that of the male crime equivalent and often sought to answer the question of female criminality by the biological suggestion that females have no rational thought (Marsh et al, 2006). This is because of the patriarchal criminal justice system and the predominantly male researchers and sociologists at the time. But with the rise of feminism in the 1970’s a new line of interpretations and theories for the female criminal have emerged known as Feminist criminology or the School of Feminist Criminology.

Feminist criminology developed around the same time as the feminist movement which focused on ensuring the protection of women and to eradicate gender inequality. This began a new perspective for women and crime and offered new explanations and theories for women in the criminal justice system from a female point of view. It allowed for the first time for a critique that incorporated the idea that paths to crime differ for male and female offenders, rather than the traditional male dominated perspective. (Hagan, 2010) It enables sex to be used as an independent variable not as a controlled

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