Early Perspectives Of Psychology And Psychology Essay
Question 1: Compare and contrast two early perspectives of psychology. Be sure to include comparisons of founders, methods, and philosophers.
Have you ever wondered why people do the things they do, or why people behave the in certain ways? Have you ever thought about how people process information to reach specific results? For hundreds of years, medical doctors, physiologists, and philosophers have always speculated and contemplated the psychological aspects of science and how it relates to people. It was only until about 130 years ago when psychology became an issue to be explored by applying and testing theories, scientific principles, and observations. Many perspectives developed in the late 19th century to early 20th century. Of these perspectives, two stand out in comparison. Gestalt psychology and behaviorism are two very interesting perspectives in psychology studied in the 19th century.
The gestalt theory is the first perspective in psychology we will discuss, founded by Max Wertheimer. This concept focuses more on the cognitive psychology of learning, but as a whole, not as parts of a whole. Gestalt psychology is defined by Merriam Webster as the study of perception and behavior from the standpoint of an individual 's response to configurational wholes with stress on the uniformity of psychological and physiological events and rejection of analysis into discrete events of stimulus, percept, and response (Merriam-Webster,…