English Is The Dominant Or Mainstream Language Of The Society

1493 Words Feb 17th, 2016 null Page
ELLs is a special group of learners who come to the English speaking country due to various reasons. Usually, these students have insufficient English proficiency so that they are disabled from enrolling in the mainstream classrooms and are placed in special programs such as ESL. To make it specific, ELLs in the context where English is the mainstream language of the society are called ESLs; however, ELLs who are learning English in a foreign context where English is not the dominant or mainstream language in that society are called EFLs. To make it simple, in the following subsections, both ESLs and EFLs will be addressed as ELLs.
Payan and Nettles (2008) report that “population of ELL students in the U.S. is growing in size, variety and importance” (p.1). This large immigrant population comes with various reasons but all have to be placed in various school settings to receive education with classes being taught in English. According to Payan and Nettles (2008), these ELL populations take up approximately 10 percent of public school enrollment and speak over 450 languages. Although these ELLs belong to various age levels and come from different linguistic backgrounds, it is equally significant for them to gain required proficiency of English and be able to communicate in English at school in both oral and print forms. However, Brass (2008) found that many ELLs are not proficient in English, and the “literacy ‘achievement gap’ between cultural minority students and their…

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