Essay on Evolution of Cognitive Psychology

1110 Words Nov 2nd, 2010 5 Pages
Running head: EVOLUTION OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY PAPER

Evolution of Cognitive Psychology
PSYCH 560
Latrice T. Colbert
Julie Bruno, Psy.D
September 6, 2010

Cognition is a term referring to the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension, including thinking, knowing, remembering, judging and problem-solving. Not only is cognitive psychology central to everything a person does in his or her everyday life, it is also central to psychology’s quest to understand how people think and act. Cognitive psychology is a key player within the interdisciplinary field of study termed “cognitive science.” Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary effort to understand the mind. Cognitive science includes a number of
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One of the issues of behaviorism was the S-R (stimulus-response) approach, which was failure to account for data. Another major influence on the emergence of cognitive psychology was the development of new technologies like calculators, computers, and communication systems. Robinson-Riegler & Robinson-Riegler (2008) stated, “These development revolutionized ho humans viewed machines and their capabilities.” This, in turn, revolutionized the way human viewed themselves and their capabilities. According to the behaviorists, responding is absolutely essential for learning, it’s the R (response) in the S-R association link. Demonstrating that learning occurs in the absence of R would be difficult to explain. According to the behaviorist view, reinforcement is necessary for learning to occur. It is what holds the stimulus and response together and if there is no reinforcement, stimulus and response will not be bonded, and there will be no learning. John B. Watson’s behaviorism in which though processes are represented by objective processes such as muscular or glandular responses, begun to seem more fruitful according to American Psychological Association (1999). An alternative to introspection and Watsonian behaviorism was Gesalt psychology in which thought was seen as an organizational process by which a problem was recognized or solved. Problem-solving became a major component in Gestalt psychology but Gestalt was not a part of psychology’s

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