Essay Evolution of Cognitive Psychology

1038 Words Nov 1st, 2011 5 Pages
Evolution of Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive psychology is defined as “the scientific study of mental processes” (Riegler & Riegler 2008, p. 1). During the 1960s, cognitive psychology became an emerging presence in the field of psychology. During this time period, attention to the study of “how internal states, such as thoughts, feelings, and moods influence behavior” (Cherry 2010, p. 12). Cognitive psychology studies how individuals think, comprehend language, and form beliefs. Human development involves cognitive development. Researchers attempted to study thought through introspection. However, introspection was not impartial because individuals are far too complex and do not share similar thoughts and ideas.
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The rate of cognitive processing concurs with aging. Aging adults concern themselves with degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Cognitive psychologists aim to study mental functioning within the aging process. Although there is no known cure for Alzheimer’s, medications have been utilized to slow down the disease. Neuropsychology (also a sub discipline) has conducted studies on the factors that contribute to the decline in cognitive processing.

Emergence of Cognitive Psychology

The emergence of cognitive psychology became prominently known during the 1960s. Technology emerged which became a correlation to cognitive psychology. Scientists were able to study the human mind “in depth and to create cognitive models; tools for understanding how the brain processes information” (Thomas-Cottingham 2004, p. 50). Researchers have built models that were created to clarify the internal functioning of the brain. A popular theory in cognitive psychology was the information-processing model. This model emphasized that thought compromised multiple parts of the brain. This model compared the human mind to the functioning of a computer. A study conducted in 1968 by R.C. Atkinson and R.M. Shiffrin based their work on the information-processing model (Thomas-Cottingham, 2004). By utilizing this model, Atkinson and Shiffrin projected the three stages of memory.

Technology influenced

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