Foundation of Psychology Essay

785 Words Aug 19th, 2013 4 Pages
Foundation of Psychology

Psychology is the study of human behavior and mind. According to Psychology: The Study of Mental Processes and Behavior defined psychology as the scientific investigation of mental processes (thinking, remembering, feeling, etc.) and behavior. Psychology alone has more than one basic foundation. Psychology can be as broad as biology and as detailed as philosophy, because it includes humans who are very complex in nature. Psychology involves more than how people act; it includes their thought process, emotions, memories, and analysis of events. When psychology was first introduced people weren’t sure if it was a science separated from biology and philosophy. The major school of thought in psychology
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Those who are rationalist believed that knowledge is simple as math and if you think clearly, you are able to know everything without knowing more information. Behaviorism is the subject matter of psychology which is the behavior in why and how things happen. When looking through a behaviorist eye in psychology you predict behavior and how to control them, all behavior can be explained by some effect caused by the environment oppose by internal forces. Behaviorism is built upon scholars such as John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, and B.F. Skinner. Psychoanalysis founded by Sigmund Freud was said to not be of true science. It was more looked at as a technique used in psychotherapy. This school of thought went into depth on how the unconscious mind reacted and influenced behavior. Freud believed that the human has three elements: the i.d, the ego, and the superego, which are four of the six assumptions in psychoanalytic theory. The development of Humanistic psychology was in response to psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Humanistic psychology focused more on our individual free will and personal growth, more of the nurture vs. nature theory in sense. Abraham Maslow and Carl Rodgers influenced the humanistic psychology school of thought of psychology. The Gestalt Psychology is placed upon the perception that we all experience things together, beginning in Germany and Austria in the late 19th century it was a response to William Wundt school of thought of structuralism.

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