Foundations of Psychology Paper

775 Words Jan 29th, 2012 4 Pages
Running Head: FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY PAPER

Foundations of Psychology Paper
PSY/300
November 7, 2011
Betsy Ferronato

Foundations of Psychology Paper * This paper will discuss the major schools of thought in psychology and examine their major underlying assumptions. The paper will also identify the primary biological foundations of psychology linked to behavior.
According to our reading in psychology is the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior. Mental processes include how a person thinks, feels, remembers as well as a person’s behavior. When a doctor needs to understand a person they need to know the person’s biology, psychological experience, and cultural context. What people experience during
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Psychodynamic perspective basically means that people behave because of an inner force that the person has little control over and are not aware of it, (Kowalski & Westen, 2006). * Behavioral perspective: The perspective pioneered by John Watson and B.F. Skinner, which focuses on the relation between observable behaviors and environmental events or stimuli: also called behaviorism, (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). What this means is a person’s behavior is determined by their external environment, not their inner self.
Cognitive perspective: “The cognitive perspective focuses on the way people perceive, process, and retrieve information. Cognitive psychologists are interested in how memory works, how people solve problems and make decisions, and similar questions. The primary metaphor originally underlying the cognitive perspective was the mind as computer. In recent years, many cognitive psychologists have turned to the brain itself as a source of metaphors. The primary method of the cognitive perspective is experimental”, (Kowalski & Westen, 2009). Cognitive perspective basically means because of what we know, understand, and think about the world determines our behavior. * Evolutionary perspective: This perspective is based on the theory that people behave a certain way because of our ancestors. Humans had to evolve and adapt in order to survive and reproduce according to their environment. The evolutionary

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