Foundations of Psychology Essay

938 Words Aug 31st, 2012 4 Pages
Running head: FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY

Foundations of Psychology
Heather Tarbunas
Axia College University of Phoenix

PSY 300
Dan Erickson
September 3, 2012 Foundations of Psychology
Psychology reminds me of a field of endless dreams. Once we think that we have an understanding of it, there is so much more to learn. For many years there has been much research done to help for us to better understand life. There have been many debates as to how the human mind works. Today what we are going to talk about are some of he major schools of thought that have been influential to our understanding of psychology.
The first would be structuralism and functionalism. William Wundt was a man in which many referred to as
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What this means is, if cognitions can truly be measured, then in actuality they can be altered too. An example of this would be a person with a low self esteem issue. If in fact cognitions can be altered, then the perception of oneself can change too.
The next would be psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis emphasizes the influence of the unconscious mind. This school of thought was founded by Sigmund Freud. Freud had believed that the unconscious mind was made up of three elements: the id, the ego, and the superego. He had believed that the three elements put all together is what led to complex human behavior. Freud has believed that events that had happened in our childhood can potentially have a serious impact on our behavior as adults. He also believed that our unconscious mind is how our behavior is determined. He describes the mind as an iceberg: our “observable behavior” is the small portion of the iceberg that is visable, while the “unconscious” or as Freud would refer to it as the submerged are of the iceberg has the most influence on our behavior. In 1915, Freud wrote: “The essence of repression lies simply I turning something away, keeping it at a distance from the conscious.”(Knafo, Danielle PhD (2009) Freud’s memory erased, Psychoanalytic Psychology. Vol. 25, No.2, p171-190)
Next we have humanistic psychology. Humanistic psychology focused on individual free will, as well as the personal growth and concept of

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