Freedom and responsibility Essay
In this paper I have discussed the free will of human mind and their freedom in choice of action. It is said that we are responsible for our actions that we do out of our free will, thus I have discussed freedom of human mind and the responsibility that comes to us with the freedom of will. There are some doctrines in philosophy that opposes free will saying that all our actions are dependent on certain predetermined causes and thus no human is free to exercise his free will. I have written some points in favour and in against of the responsibility factor that is attached to free will and then I have also pointed out with the help of certain readings the existence and non existence of free will in this paper by my …show more content…
Determinism: It is theory which states that human actions are not free. They are determined to happen by certain conditions in the society or the world. It is a belief that things caused before them are based on some causes and people have no real choices over them. These actions are determined by previously determined causes. Now the believers of determinism say that people are not morally responsible for the actions that they do because they are bound to do those actions as they are determined by previous causes and in such a way punishment for criminal acts are also unjustified. Determinism is also called necessitism because the cause is determined and there is no free will of the agent. This theory denies free will on three grounds: Psychological, Law of causality, Theological.
Psychological: A person’s decisions are determined by that same person’s reasons. This is true because the actions of every single person (agent) have reasons that determine them even though those reasons might not always be known to the person. For example, I might distrust someone because I have an unknown prejudice against him or her. This prejudice might arise from the