HNC Social Care Psychology Essay
To answer this question I will use the Case Study of John. John is a twenty-five year old adult who identifies the following as his key issues: low self-esteem, low self-confidence, excessive alcohol consumption and occasional recreational drug use, depression and anxiety; particularly social anxiety with members of the opposite sex.
To begin understanding the development and needs of John I will explore the generally accepted lifespan through which each individual progress. This is an ongoing process from birth until death and consists of five stages according to age: infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and older adulthood. At …show more content…
Strengths of this perspective are, understanding that an individual’s behaviour may be influenced by past experiences, and consistent with the social care value base that throughout life, challenges must be responded to in order to promote service users independence.
Weaknesses are that theory cannot be tested scientifically and some of the ideas are outdated.
The Humanistic perspective pioneered by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers comes from a more holistic approach, taking into account how we think, feel and act not just about behaviour and past childhood experiences. Considering the person themselves to be the expert in their own life. Humanist theorists believe everyone has an ‘Actualising tendency’ meaning everyone has a basic human instinct to fulfil their potential. Whether conditions are right or wrong and our physical and psychological