HNC Social Care Psychology Essay

1493 Words Mar 4th, 2015 6 Pages
How can psychological theory help me to understand the development and needs of an individual?

To answer this question I will use the Case Study of John. John is a twenty-five year old adult who identifies the following as his key issues: low self-esteem, low self-confidence, excessive alcohol consumption and occasional recreational drug use, depression and anxiety; particularly social anxiety with members of the opposite sex.

To begin understanding the development and needs of John I will explore the generally accepted lifespan through which each individual progress. This is an ongoing process from birth until death and consists of five stages according to age: infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and older adulthood. At
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John’s low self-confidence and lack of belief in his own abilities could be attributed to lack of this encouragement. John says his parents always compared him unfavourably to his siblings whom they considered more successful at school. John was expelled from mainstream school and continued with his education in residential school, fell into a bad crowd and developed unhealthy behaviours such as drug taking. John says “ I remember my father telling me ”You’re really dumb. Why can’t you do anything right?” . Negative attitudes by his parents and would also explain john’s self-confessed inferiority complex
Strengths of this perspective are, understanding that an individual’s behaviour may be influenced by past experiences, and consistent with the social care value base that throughout life, challenges must be responded to in order to promote service users independence.
Weaknesses are that theory cannot be tested scientifically and some of the ideas are outdated.

The Humanistic perspective pioneered by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers comes from a more holistic approach, taking into account how we think, feel and act not just about behaviour and past childhood experiences. Considering the person themselves to be the expert in their own life. Humanist theorists believe everyone has an ‘Actualising tendency’ meaning everyone has a basic human instinct to fulfil their potential. Whether conditions are right or wrong and our physical and psychological

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