How The Electoral College Works And Analyze How It Factors Into The Campaign Strategies

857 Words Jul 11th, 2015 4 Pages
Every four years, on the first Tuesday in November, millions of American citizens go to the polls and vote indirectly for their President. However, the actual election takes place in December, and only 538 people are involved. This small group of people is called the Electoral College. This paper will explain how the Electoral College works and analyze how it factors into the campaign strategies in Presidential election.
The US Constitution was forged 200 hundred years ago in which time America “founding Father” divided the process of electing the President and Vice President into two-step system. In the first step, the American citizen would cast their votes, and in the second step, The Electoral College would convene after general election, and choose the next president. The Electoral College was meant to be representative of the general population. The members of the Electoral College are called "electors," and these people are typically chosen on a state-by-state basis. For this reason, the electors typically represent the political affiliation of the state.
The Electoral Colleges is made of 538 electors, corresponding to the 435 members of the House of Representatives and, 100 senators, plus the three additional electors from the District of Columbia. In addition, a simple majority of 270 electors determine who will be the US President. However, if no candidate is able to come up with that majority, the Constitution provides a provision for the House Representative to…

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