Essay about Human Rights

2742 Words Mar 27th, 2013 11 Pages
Human Rights
“The Essence of Constitutional Governance“

“Problems can be solved by the same level of thinking that created them.”

Introduction * Human: (noun) A member of the Homo sapiens species; a man, woman or child; a person.

* Rights: (noun) Things to which you are entitled or allowed; freedoms that are guaranteed.

* Human Rights: (noun) The rights you have simply because you are human.

* Human rights are commonly understood as "inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being.” Human rights are thus conceived as
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This is what makes human rights ‘universal’.

Types of human rights

* Economic, social and cultural rights:
These are socio-economic human rights, such as the right to education, right to housing, right to adequate standard of living and the right to health. Economic, social and cultural rights are recognized and protected in international and regional human rights instruments. Member states have a legal obligation to respect, protect and fulfill economic, social and cultural rights and are expected to take "progressive action" towards their fulfillment.

* Civil and political rights:
These are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from unwarranted infringement by governments and private organizations, and ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the state without discrimination or repression. Civil rights include the ensuring of peoples' physical integrity and safety; protection from discrimination on grounds such as physical or mental disability, gender, religion, race, national origin, age, sexual orientation, or gender identity; and individual rights such as privacy, the freedoms of thought and conscience, speech and expression, religion, the press, and movement. Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such as the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial; due process; the right to seek redress or a legal

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