Humanistic Theories Of Humanistic Psychology Essay

1086 Words Oct 20th, 2014 5 Pages
Humanistic Theories Debate Shara, Courtney, Connie, Caroline, and Mara Group D PSY.310 10/20/14

During the 1950s, humanistic psychology, incorporating principles of Gestalt psychology, developed in reaction to behaviorism and psychoanalysis. In the early 1960s, less than two decades before the 100th anniversary of the formal founding of psychology, a so-called third force developed within American psychology. This “third force” is referred to as humanistic psychology but at first, it was not intended to be a revision or adaptation of any current school of thought, as was the case with some Neo-Freudian positions. Humanistic psychology emphasized human strengths and positive aspirations, conscious experience, free will (rather than determinism), the fulfillment of human potential, and a belief in the wholeness of human nature (p. 335-339).The humanistic approach states the three components of self-concept include self-worth or self-esteem, self-image, and ideal self. With these developments of humanistic psychology, Freudian psychodynamic theory did not remain the sole approach to explaining human personality. The study of personality in regards to both theory and research has grown immensely splintering the field of humanistic psychology into conflicting viewpoints of Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. Abraham Maslow had many influences during his studies throughout his academic career…

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