Informal Social Control, Collective Efficacy, And Social Capital

1203 Words Sep 27th, 2015 5 Pages
Question one

Informal social control, collective efficacy, and social capital all play an important role when it comes to preventing neighborhood crime efforts. Informal social control does not involve any formal social institutions such as the police. Instead, it involves a group of individuals outside the government spectrum that come together to try to prevent crime for the common good. This concept is often hard to achieve when individuals cannot conform and help define social norms. On the other hand, it can be very helpful when preventing neighborhood crimes because it brings people from the neighborhood together and creates bonds between neighbors. When bonds exist within communities, it is more likely that the residents will look after one another in regards to crime.

Collective efficacy can be defined as individuals coming together to work out an issue that involves all of the people within a community. Collective efficacy happens when a neighborhood binds together and works as one force to control criminal acts (Sampson, Raudenbush & Earls, date). Neighborhoods that have collective efficacy help prevent crime because they primarily trust and support each other. For example, they communicate with one another in case of any suspicious activity, leading to more awareness and reduction of potential crimes. People that live within a community that has collective efficacy act in a way that is most efficient when it comes to responding to criminal behavior…

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