Integrating Mental Health Into Primary Care For Mild And Moderate Disorders

1104 Words Jul 22nd, 2015 5 Pages
5.2.1 Integrating Mental Health into Primary Care for Mild-to-Moderate Disorders

The term “mild-to-moderate” is described as set of mental disorders such as depression and a range of anxiety disorders, panic disorders, phobias, somatoform disorders, eating disorders and ADHDs (Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders)(OECD 2014) . Mild-to-moderate disorders are estimated to have high prevalence rate in OECD populations.

Research studies, evaluating treatment models, have shed consistent evidence that treating common mental disorders (such as depression or anxiety) in primary care settings is more effective approach compared to the prevailing mode of delivering treatment through specialist facilities in psychiatric hospitals. It is suggested that an integrated care model, in which primary care physicians working in joint collaboration with psychiatrists and trained hospital staff, can lead to better patient outcomes, including narrowing of the treatment gap. Several studies have argued that integration provides a number of advantages, including more holistic health care, increased accessibility of mental health services for people in need of care, opportunities for reducing the stigma of mental health problems by not clearly identifying patients who are receiving mental health care (which is often the case if they attend specialist facilities such as psychiatric hospitals), and reduced costs (WHO and WONCA 2008, Lund et al, 2012). ‘Collaborative’ or integrated…

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