An Empirical Analysis of Trends in Psychology
By Richard W. Robins, Samuel D. Gosling and Kenneth H. Craik
Presented by: Cassandra Brown
AU ID: 3130858
Journal Article Critique 1
Tutor: Cristela D’Elia
June 1st, 2013
I. Research Question or Problem
The journal article question is clearly stated. The question asks whether the behaviourist, the psychoanalytic, the cognitive, or the neuroscientific perspective is most intellectually significant and most prominent in psychology today (Robins, Goling, & Craik, 1999, p. 117).
The introduction presents differing contentions regarding which school of psychology is most prominent. Five references have been cited in the introduction. It is
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For the psychology’s Flagship publications, authors selected several word stems in a database called psychINFO, including: psychoanal#, cognit#, neurosci#, reinforce#, and conditioning#. At that time, they calculated the percentage of articles published in the Flagship publications between 1950 to 1997 and charted their findings over time (Robins, Gosling, & Craik, 1999, p. 118). For the psychology dissertations, authors once again employed psychINFO, this time, to analyze the topics presented in doctoral dissertations between 1967 to 1994. Then, they calculated the percentage of dissertations for each of the four psychological perspectives (Robins, Gosling, & Craik, 1999, p. 119). Finally, for the citation index of Flagship publications, authors surveyed trends regarding the number of citations found concerning each perspective in the Flagship publications. Then, they selected the top four journals in each perspective using a rating system operated by prominent neuroscientists (Robins, Gosling, & Craik, 1999, p. 119). Applying these findings, authors calculated the “total number of times per year the flagship publications cited articles published in each sub-disciplinary journal” (Robins, Gosling, & Craik, 1999, p. 119).