Language and Lexicon Paper

1048 Words Sep 15th, 2012 5 Pages
Language and Lexicon Paper
PSY 360
August 13, 2012

Introduction
Language as we know it is very hard to define because it is the linguistics of the language, but we know it is important for our life. It is very important tool to express my feeling and opinion, and we could know what others think about. As a result, we could make connection with others. However, have you ever thought why we can communicate each other? Do you know why human’s communication is defined as language and other animal’s communication is not defined as language? For example, dog has different vocalization like barks, and whines, but it is their communication tool like our language. So, their vocalization has some meaning such as “I am hungry,” and “I want to
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Language makes it an open possibility to communicate with others; as a result, we can understand each other. The second key feature, the elements are arbitrary. The third key feature of language is structure, which is a balance exists between the patterns of symbols. For example, “this is my mother next to a crying baby.” ”This is a baby next to crying my mother.” Each sentences use same vocabulary but these sentences have different meaning when saying. The fourth key feature of language is generative. The language is still developing, so it creates new vocabulary and sometimes it changes the role. It is like our culture.
Levels of language structure
There are four levels of language such as phonemes, words, sentences, and texts. Individual speech sounds, which are called Phonemes, constitute the audible and written reproduction of words. For example, th is pronounced differently in than and thin, and b is pronounced differently in bet and bat; these are differenced phonemes. There are about 46 phonemes in the English language, but about 200 phonemes are used in worldwide. Two similar sounds are considered different sound. “The p sounds in pill and in spill are slightly different. You can observe this by holding your hand close to your mouth as you pronounce each word.” These close variations of a phoneme are called allophone. English language phonemes are allophones in other languages. For example, beer in English and beer in Japan are similar sounds

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