Essay on Origins of Psychology worksheet

1112 Words Sep 18th, 2014 5 Pages
University of Phoenix Material

Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet

Part I: Origins of Psychology

Within psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the perspectives, using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the perspectives and describe his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below.

Psychoanalytic perspective means to explore the unconscious drives, internal motives, conflicts and childhood
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It looks into the relationships between biology and behavior.

Evolutionary perspective focuses on how evolution would explain the physiological processes, natural selection and human adaption. Certain mental processes exist because they have a purpose and are crutial to reproduction and survival.

Sociocultural perspective emphasizes cultural determinants and interaction of mental processes and of behavior. Researchers look among different cultures and compare them to describe their behaviors and find out why they behave the way they do. There are factors that influence behavior such as religion, wthnicity and sociconomic class.

Part II: Research Methods

Describe research methods used in psychology by completing the following table. Then, select two of the research methods, and compare and contrast them. Your response must be at least 75 words.

Experimental and descriptive methods of research are totally different. The experimental method deals with cause and effect where the desctiptive method cannot identify cause and effect. The researchers have control over the variables where in descriptive they don’t have any control over the variables. Descriptive is only about observing and collecting data. There is no control over the variables or outcome of the collected data. Both experimental and descriptive allow for researcher or participant bias though.

Method
Purpose
Strengths
Weaknesses
Example

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