Committee: GA fourth committee- Special, Political and Decolonization (SPECPOL)
Topic: The question of self determination for non- sovereign regions seeking to exercise substantial autonomy- The Kashmir story.
Delegate: Divya Shetty, Manipal University
The Kashmir dispute dates from 1947. The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. Because of its location, Kashmir could choose to join either India or Pakistan. Pakistan fails to recognize the Instrument of Accession signed by Maharaja Hari Singh on October 26, 1947 ceding Kashmir to India as they believe it was signed for the sole purpose of military assistance. Many wars have been
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Following renewed hostilities of 1971, UNMOGIP has remained in the area to observe developments pertaining to the strict observance of the ceasefire of 17 December 1971 and report thereon to the Secretary-General. The UN involvement has been limited to ceasefire negotiations and an attempted plebiscite. During the 1948 Indo-Pakistani War, the UN Security Council passed Resolutions 39 and 47, establishing the creation of a United Nations Commission on India and Pakistan (UNCIP). UNCIP then passed resolutions calling for a ceasefire across the Line of Control. The Security Council also brokered a ceasefire in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and enforced it with Resolution 211. The United Nations must take a more proactive role in resolving the Kashmir Conflict. The United Nations must first encourage the normalization of relations between India and Pakistan by encouraging sharing of intelligence and increased cooperation in combating extremism, providing economic incentives to foster bilateral trade, creating a commission to investigate and prevent state-sponsored terrorism in both nations and providing peacekeeping troops to secure the borders of India, Pakistan, and Kashmir and prevent the movement of militants.
Sudan understands and empathizes with the position of Kashmir as we have undergone similar tension in our country. A referendum is taking place in Southern Sudan from 9 January until 15 January 2011, on whether the region should remain a part of Sudan or be