Essay Psychoanalytic Criticism Of ' The Great Gatsby '
Final Exam Activity
The Jungian approach to Psychoanalytic Criticism focuses on such elements in literature: shadow, persona, and anima. Shadow is the darker side of a person or character, or the particular part of a person that the readers normally dislike. Persona is the image that we show to others, or the “Mask” (Dobie 63) that people put on for the world. Anima is the “soul-image” (Dobie 63) or the life force within an individual character that makes them act in a certain way. I will be focusing on shadow, anima, and persona, especially as they are presented in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. An example of the archetype of shadow is when Daisy’s husband, Tom Buchanan, harshly speaks to Nick about his job as a bond man. “‘What you doing, Nick?’ ‘I’m a bond man.’ ‘Who with?’ I told him. ‘Never heard of them,’ he remarked decisively. This annoyed me. ‘You will,’ I answered shortly. ‘You will if you stay in the East.’ ‘Oh, I’ll stay in the East, don’t you worry,’ he said, glancing at Daisy and then back at me, as if he were alert for something more. ‘I’d be a God Damned fool to live anywhere else.’ ” (Fitzgerald 12-13) He speaks to Nick with a negative, sarcastic tone. Nick is annoyed with Tom’s remarks, which makes the readers view Tom’s Character in a negative light as well. An example of the archetype of persona in Jay Gatsby’s character would be his constant desire to show off his wealth. “I believe that on the first night I…