Psychology IA Essay

2101 Words Oct 19th, 2013 9 Pages
Contents page:

Abstract ----------------------------------------------------------------------
Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------
Methods section -------------------------------------------------------------
Design ----------------------------------------------------------------
Participants ----------------------------------------------------------
Apparatus/ materials -----------------------------------------------
Procedure ------------------------------------------------------------
Results section --------------------------------------------------------------- description of results ----------------------------------------------- analysis of results
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The null hypothesis states that every group of participants will have no significant difference in the number of expected and unexpected objects recalled.
Method section:
The independent groups design was used for this experiment. The reason is that this experimental design is not as time consuming as the matched pairs. This design also avoids order effects. Order effect is when a person is involved in the same test several times which causes them to get tired and fed up, as well as becoming wise to the requirements of the experiment. The independent variable changed were the pictures that had the expected or the unexpected objects. The controlled variables were giving both groups the same amount of time to look at the picture. The dependent variables were the number of objects recalled by the participants.
Participants
The numbers of participants tested were 24 students, ages 16 to 18, of different race and gender. There were 6 girls and 18 boys in total. The mean age of this group was 16.5.The sample selection I used was opportunity sampling because it was quick and convenient.
Materials
Materials used: digital camera 2 pictures (appendix x, xi) that included Objects: -expected: note books, tissue box, calculator - Unexpected: umbrella, belt, flowers Standardized instruction (appendix i) Debriefing notes (appendix iii)

Procedures
1. Introduction was given to the group of participants and standardized

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