Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology Essay
The theory of psychoanalysis is one of the most widely taught theories in psychology. It is therefore important for psychologists to understand the major foundations of the theory and its components, the contributions of the theory to the field of psychology, and some of the criticisms against the theory. This essay discusses these issues and at the end concludes that despite the criticisms against psychoanalysis, the theory remains highly relevant and useful in the current context because its tenets are used by different professionals.
Psychoanalysis Human development is a natural process but individuals’ development is often shaped by the experiences that they go through during different developmental stages. Numerous theories have attempted to explain lifespan development and one of them is Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis. The purpose of this essay is to describe the theory’s foundations and components, its contributions to the field of psychology, and criticisms against it.
Foundations and Components The psychoanalytic theory of development was developed by Sigmund Freud who through working with patients who had mental illnesses made observations that informed the development of the theory (Coon & Mitterer, 2008). Psychoanalysis postulates that individuals’ behaviors are influenced and shaped by early childhood experiences that they do not recall. Therefore, the theory claims that the…