Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology Essay
Freud’s Pioneering Theories
Sigismund Schlomo Freud changed his name to Sigmund Freud in 1877. This Austrian neurologist, who was the “founding father of psychoanalysis,” qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881 and then carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at Vienna General Hospital.
After he co-authored with Dr. Josef Breuer Studies on Hysteria (1895), Freud’s subsequent publications and lectures detailed and highlighted his own theories that resulted in the creation of psychoanalysis.
Emotions and the Human Brain
Human emotions evolved because, as hunters, the chances of survival increased. Emotions are instinctive motivators. When victory loomed, a victorious strike was made; however, when danger could not be avoided, a quick exit occurred—fight or flight. Such motivators were essential for the survival of living creatures with conscious minds capable of some apparent free will. If humans lived like ants – enslaved to the nest by mechanical instincts – then, perhaps, emotions would not have been necessary in addition to consciousness.
However, emotions are not infallible. Since humans are capable of independent actions, unrestrained free will can lead to stupidity, and they work best in the situations in which they evolved. They do not work well in the modern workplace where chronic pent-up anger increases unhappiness and the chance of stroke or heart attack. On average, anger…