Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology Essay examples

1459 Words Dec 1st, 2015 6 Pages
Sigmund Freud had a Freudian, psychoanalytic approach to understanding personality. Freud felt that dreams were an important element to understanding an individual’s personality, viewing them as pieces of the unconscious. As dreams were important in understanding the unconscious, Freud described two levels of content in dreams: manifest and latent. He believed that “what we see on the surface (manifest) is only a partial representation of the vastness that is lying underneath (latent)” (Friedman and Schustack, 2012, p. 63). Other key elements in Freudian theory are the psyche’s three systems in personality: the id, ego and superego. The id is driven by the pleasure principle, as it strives to satisfy its desires and reduce inner tension (Segrist, 2009, p. 51). The ego, operating on the reality principle, is the system in personality that deals with the real world as it is in between the id and the superego. The superego provides the moral rules and is very much like a person’s conscience. Friedman and Schustack (2012) state that, “we can think about what our conscience, our internal set of ethical guidelines, is telling us to do, but parts of the superego are unconscious” (p.65). Freud’s psychosexual stages centered around sexual energy, libido, which was the basis of drive or motivation. The first stage, from birth to 18 months is the oral stage, when infants are motivated to satisfy their drives of hunger and thirst (Friedman and Schustack, 2012, p. 67). The…

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