Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology Essay

889 Words Dec 13th, 2015 4 Pages
Freud’s Theories Sigmund Freud was a Viennese neurologist. He was born on May 6th 1856 and died on September 23rd 1939. Freud paved the way for modern psychology. Freud was the first to study the mind so in depth as he did. He wrote several books about his theories. Some of his books are The Ego and the Id, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and Dream Psychology (Psychoanalysis for Beginners. Although most of his theories were proven to be wrong over time, he still was a major contributor to the field of psychology. Some of his famous theories include the unconscious mind, the psyche, defense mechanisms, and dream analysis. Freud was a strong believer that everything about a person resides in the unconscious. People’s drives, instincts, and wishes are all held deep down in the unconscious. The unconscious is often compared to an iceberg. The conscious is the small part that is above water, and the unconscious is the rest of the iceberg that remains underwater at all times. There are three parts to one’s conscious: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. “On the surface is consciousness, which consists of those thoughts that are the focus of our attention now…” (Sigmund Freud’s Theories). The preconscious is what someone can bring back into consciousness. In the iceberg analogy the precociousness would be right below the water. The goal of psychoanalysis was to make the unconscious not unconscious anymore but in the conscious. The Psyche consists of the id, ego, and…

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