Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology Essay

1010 Words Sep 26th, 2015 null Page
When people think about psychology, sociology, or any other related fields, there is usually one person who comes to mind: Sigmund Freud. The well known father of psychoanalysis focused his studies on unconscious desires and conflicts, as well as the effects of childhood and sexual development. Because of the questionable subject matter, Freud’s research is usually regarded very controversially in the psychological and sociological fields.
Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory was based primarily on the unconscious. According to Freud, our mind was like a iceberg. The information that we have access to now, or our conscious awareness, is only the little tip sticking out of the water. As we go deeper into our mind, or the water, there is the subconscious and the unconscious. Unconscious thoughts reflect our conscious behaviors. Freud was determined to study why our unconscious causes us to act in the ways that we do.
A major idea proposed by Freud was that our mind was composed of three parts. These three parts, the id, ego and superego, all have different roles that work together. The id is focused on instant gratification and avoiding pain. The id is made up of our biological and instinctive drives that are only working to help itself. It is a very selfish and unrealistic aspect of our minds. The superego is the opposite. Its main focus is to uphold us to be who we believe we should be and to engage in a socially acceptable way. The superego contains morals of a person that…

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