The Effects Of Trauma On The Child 's Development By Imposing On Neural Cognitive Function, Attachment, Emotional, And

1079 Words Jul 25th, 2015 5 Pages
Introduction Influences of trauma can affect the child’s development by imposing on neural cognitive function, attachment, emotional, spiritual development and the list can go on. The first thing that must be understood is what is trauma and what does it look like to a child? Trauma is an event that occurs abruptly and harmful. According to American Psychological Association (2015), “Trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape or natural disaster.” Looking at a trauma for a child can look and be different depending on the traumatic event. “A traumatic event is one that threatens injury, death, or the physical integrity of self or others and also causes horror, terror, or helplessness at the time it occurs” (Children and Trauma, 2015).
Brain development and how it affected by Trauma During normal development in early childhood the brain is constantly developing neural pathways in the brain to communicate back and forth to the body. During the middle childhood the brain is still developing but slower and steady. During this time of the development neural pathways that are not being used will start to be prune by dying out to increase thee productivity function of the nervous system, which is called synaptic pruning (Feldman, 2014). Connections that are developed are able to communicate back and forth help advance the cognitive and motor skills. This stage helps the child to be able to process more information and experiences to master more…

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