The Egyptian And Mesopotamian Religion Essay

804 Words Jul 14th, 2015 4 Pages
Throughout history, civilizations have emerged, died, strived and flourished through a system of government, laws, religion, and rituals. Religion shaped most of these laws and rituals to pave the way for morals, ways of life, learning, class, and economy.
The Egyptian and Mesopotamian religion had many similarities but also distinction to one another in other ways. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia civilizations shared the belief of a type of divine kingships. In Mesopotamia, a king would set himself apart by claiming divine or sacred sanction. Egypt followed a close kingship with the first king claiming divine birth from Egypt’s founder god. Laws were established by rulers claimed to have been set by the gods.
Egypt, Harappan in the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia had beliefs of an afterlife, as well as priests who were part of the upper levels of the social hierarchy. The religion in Egypt and Mesopotamia were similar because both were polytheistic. Polytheism is the general term used to denote religions of personified forces in nature.
Egypt, Mesopotamia, Aryans in India, Muaryan Empire in India and Harappan religions included a smorgus board of gods and goddesses. In the Code of Manu it states, “He, the Lord, created the class of the gods.” Egypt’s creation myth is that of multiple gods who were thought to appear as kings. “Re, when he began to rule which he had made.” It says Re began to appear as a king and claimed to become into being by himself as a god. Both of…

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