Essay on The Fundamental Principles Of Human Rights

1428 Words Dec 22nd, 2015 6 Pages
International human rights have a historical trajectory that emerges from a revolutionary process; which developed individual rights within legislative, ideological, economic, political and societal arenas. This essay will elaborate on impact of these phenomenons on institutionalized human rights through a liberal lense. It will then examine the role of human rights in practice and explore the realist nature in which they occur in the political arena. Liberalist believe that institutionalized human rights empower and protect all humans and facilitate cooperation between states within the international realm. However, realist assert that human rights exist to serve the purpose of the state. Ultimately, exposing the limitations of liberal theory’s ability to conceptualize the role of human rights internationally.

Human rights became institutionalized by the United Nations in 1948; as a result of World War Two. Essential to the fundamental principles of United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has thirty sections that outline the rights of individuals and a preamble that defines the legality of the document. Furthermore, human rights are rights that are universal and inalienable which means they are applicable and enforceable to everyone, anywhere, equally. Moreover, human rights are indivisible and inseparable from one another. Lastly, they are natural rights that are inherent to human beings only. The declaration acts as a regulatory agency by monitoring…

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