The Goals Of Developmental Psychology Essay examples

1653 Words Mar 23rd, 2016 7 Pages
For years Developmental Psychology has been studied by individuals trying to understand age related changes throughout a human life span. It is commonly accepted in the educational field that children must go through the process of learning to think and thinking to learn. The three goals of developmental psychology are to describe, explain, and to optimize development (Baltes, Reese, & Lipsitt 1980). This paper will examine the application of two major scholars’ theories, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. These two schools of thought will be discussed pertaining to the two video’s that were watched regarding two children in a classroom and teaching environment.

In today’s society it is widely accepted in the educational field that teachers, who can incorporate the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky into their classrooms, will be better able to increase student achievement and development to promote student learning in current elementary education programs.
Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories are often contrasted to each other in terms of individual cognitive constructivism (Piaget) and social constructivism (Vygotsky). Piaget believed that children go through a set of cognitive development changes whereas Vygotsky believed that cognitive development is continual.
Both individuals have contributed to education by offering research for the cognitive learning styles and abilities of children. Cognition refers to the inner processes and products of the mind that lead to “knowing”. It…

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