The Key Elements And Criticisms Of Motivation Theories Essay

1163 Words Apr 17th, 2015 5 Pages
In any organization, it is beneficial for the management team to understand what drives workers to perform to their utmost potential. These underlying forces which pushes people to strive and persevere can be defined as motivation. Each and every individual within an organization has different personal goals and desires that keep them going, in essence the performance of an employee is quite commonly affected a great deal through their motivation. It is due to this fact that often, management in organizations are constantly under pressure to keep members of their workforce motivated in order to maintain high productivity levels, thus resulting in the achievement of organizational goals. The aim of this paper is to explore and articulate the key elements and criticisms of motivation theories and their use in modern day management settings.
The idea of motivation in the workforce has been around for several decades but the research behind it took its first leap in the late 19th and 20th century. The key figure involved in the development of motivation theories, Abraham Maslow, developed the hierarchy of needs theory. His theory was parted into 5 segments and was organized in the order of what he believed the most important human needs were, often his theory is visualized as a pyramid. These needs he deemed were most important can be categorized as thus: physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs and self-actualization needs. Physiological needs related to…

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