Ruggie’s Principles The United Nations Human Rights Council in 2005 appointed Harvard Professor John Ruggie to study business and human rights and end the debate on the human rights responsibilities of companies. Ruggie’s six-year study builds on his “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework, published in 2008, that outlined a state’s duty to protect human rights, and the corporation’s responsibility to respect human rights. This study leads to unanimous endorsement by the United Nations. This endorsement led to the United Nations Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) on June 16, 2011 (Smith, 2014). Ruggie’s Principles is the informal name because John Ruggie created, and helped with the process of UNGPs implementation. The UNGP’s outlines three pillars of Ruggie’s “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework:
1. The state’s duty to protect human rights
2. The corporate responsibility to respect human rights
3. Access to remedy
Human rights abuses committed by companies is not new, there have been many over the years – Union Carbide in India; Shell in Nigeria Delta are few among many cases. This policy has been approved by the UN, but it is not clear what organization will take ‘ownership” in order for this policy to be successful in leading change.
The state’s duty to protect human rights International Bill of Human Rights states that there is a duty of the state to protect against human rights abuses and regulate and enforce violations…