The Psychology And Physiology Of Addiction Essay

1517 Words Jul 16th, 2015 7 Pages
Drugs affect a person both mentally and physically because the body becomes dependent on an addicts substance of choice to function. People that abuse substances are likely to be using stimulants, depressants, narcotics, hallucinogens, or cannabis which can have terrible short and long term effects. A substance that has been abused for any length of time has the potential to cause withdraws symptoms in a person. This can happen with drugs that have been prescribed by a physician. Prescription drugs are known to be addictive when they are abused by not adhering to the instructions or obtained illegally. Drugs are hard on the body, there are many drug classifications with side effects, and there is potential in prescriptions for abuse.
Explain the psychology and physiology of addiction Addiction is physiological in the way that addiction affects the body and the mind by interacting negatively with normal bodily functions. Deans (1997), “The specific character of each drug is best seen in the actions of the central nervous system and the endocrine system” (para.35). Each drug can make psychological and psychological aspects of the body dependent on the drug for functioning. It just so happens that “chronic exposure to an addictive drug can “high jack” the neural circuits of the susceptible brain causing enhanced “placicity” in the neural circuits related to reward, motivation, and learned behavior” (Hall, Hawkinberry, & Moyers-Scott, 2010, p. 29). Alcohol can induce…

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