Essay on The Psychology Of Personality Development

1978 Words Apr 23rd, 2016 8 Pages
The psychology of personality is a roadmap to the development of one’s personality. Helping develop these theories have been many great minds whose contributions to this field psychology have given us great insight to the formation of personality, ways we think, behave, and develop from youth. Of these great theorists four stand apart from the pack. These Theorists would be Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Karen Horney, and Erik Erickson. In this paper we will come to a better understanding of each theory, and how it applies to our case study.
Sigmund Freud is the first theorist we will discuss. He is known as the father of psychology. His beliefs concerning personality development are that we form our personality from early child hood experiences. Depending on events that took place during these early years in his theory would depend on how we would develop and behave as an adult. These factors will all depend on how we process each event consciously and unconsciously. In Freud’s theory he believed that there were five stages in which our personality develops. These stages are Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital. In the oral stage you have a fixation on all things oral, like breast feeding or being bottle fed.
If there is something that interrupts or disturbs this fixation Freud believed that the individual was acquire negative oral habits or behaviors such as smoking. The next stage is anal. In this stage a person is toilet trained. If there are no interruptions to…

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