The Role of Research and Statistics in the Field of Psychology

1372 Words Dec 6th, 2010 6 Pages
John B. Watson work on classical behaviorism that paved the way for B. F.

Skinner's radical or operant behaviorism which has had a large impact on educational

systems. Watson was one of the influential psychologists of the twentieth century. His material is still used in most psychology and educational psychology texts. Watson helped with defining the study of behavior anticipated Skinner's emphasis on operant conditioning and the importance of learning and environmental influences in human development. Watson’s criticized of Sigmund Freud has been given credit for helping to disseminate principles of Freudian psychoanalysis. Watson is known for the Little Albert study and his dozen healthy infants quote.
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His theories have helped mankind in many ways. He studied the behavior patterns of many living organisms. His most important work was the study of behaviorism. John B. Watson, behaviorism is one of the most widely studied theories today; Influence in Psychology.
B.F. Skinner was one of the most famous of the American psychologists. Skinner was responsible for experiments such as the "Skinner box". He wrote some very famous books. One of them was "The Behavior of Organisms". This book describes the basic points of his system. Another was Walden Two. This book describes a utopian society that functions on positive reinforcement. Behaviorism is a school of thought in psychology that is interested in observable behavior. Skinner said, "Behaviorism is not the science of human behavior; it is the philosophy of that science." There are various types of behavior, such as innate behavior. Innate behaviors are certain behaviors. B.F.
Skinner, in his novel Walden Two, presents many arguments about how he foresees a positive change in the world through manipulation of behavior on the personal level. B.
F. Skinner's entire system is based on operant conditioning. This organism is the process of operating on the environment. This operating the organism encounters a special kind of stimulus called a reinforcing stimulus or reinforcer. The special stimulus have the effect of increasing the operant which is the behavior

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