The Self Expressive Behaviors Of Female Liberation And Empowerment Onto Minority Feminist Groups

1879 Words Dec 16th, 2014 8 Pages
Self-Expressive Behaviors. Mainstream feminism often imposes Western-centric perceptions of female liberation and empowerment onto minority feminist groups (Bunjun, 2010; Cole & Ahmadi, 2003; Hirschmann, 1998; Read & Bartowski, 2000). A clear example of this dangerous imposition was found within the subject of veiling (Cole & Ahmadi, 2003; Droogsma, 2007; Read & Bartowski, 2000). Veils are commonly seen by the Western world as a symbol of inherent female oppression (Ali, Mahmood, Moel, Hudson, & Leathers, 2008; Cole & Ahmadi, 2003; Hirschmann, 1998). Cole and Ahmadi (2003) found that this view was prevalent, even among young college students. For this same reason, many White-Americans showed to believe that veiling should not, for the sake of Muslim women’s rights, be practiced at all (Hirschmann, 1998). Muslim feminists’ response to this mainstream view of veiling was mixed (Cole & Ahmadi; Hirschmann, 1998; Read & Bartowski, 2000). Many anti-veiling feminists agreed with the mainstream view, and strongly believed that the veil is a symbol of male dominance, a mechanism of patriarchal control (Read & Bartowski, 2000). Contrarily, some pro-veiling feminists argued that this type of “Western discourse” created a dichotomy of embracing Islam and women’s oppression or completely abandoning one’s religion (Hirschmann, 1998). Additionally, these same pro-veiling feminists insisted that the veil, over the years, became an important symbol of pro-Islamist revolutionary movements…

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