The Theory Of Human Motivation Essay

846 Words Jul 18th, 2015 4 Pages
Leaders must be able to tap into their subordinates’ potential in order for an organization to excel in today’s business world. Motivating employees is an arduous task; managers have three theories to better understand their people. These theories are Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy, Alderfer’s ERG, and McClelland’s Needs. The three theories have some similarities, however, they are fundamentally different. Although people have different reasons for “why, for whom, and where” they work, managers are charged with providing motivation and purpose to these individuals. Mangers have a direct impact on “how” people work and “what” these employees contribute to the organization. “In 1943, Abraham Maslow published a paper, A Theory of Human Motivation” (Kermally 25). He’s research asserts that all humans have five basic needs that must be fulfilled. Moreover, the needs are accomplished along a continuum, each need must be met in chronological order from lowest to highest. The needs are physiological, safety, social, ego, and self-actualization (Bateman and Snell 450). Clayton Alderfer is credited with refining Maslow’s theory and gearing towards the work environment. He published his findings in 1969 – Three Needs Theory (Guillén, Ferrero, and Hoffman 804). Existence, relatedness, and growth are the three needs that Alderfer identified which motivate employees to perform.
Harvard professor David McClelland in the 1940s, claims people have three needs they seek to satisfy:…

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