Essay on The Theory Of Social Psychology

982 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 4 Pages
Intertwined Psychologists Many developmental psychologists have made their mark on the science of how humans change over time. Such individuals as Jean Piaget and Sigmund Freud have developed various cognitive stages that craft an outline for the way the mind changes throughout life. Their ideas serve as a great basis of understanding by themselves, but crossing points have been linked with other psychologists’ theories to create an entire sphere of developmental psychology. The theories of both Piaget and Freud are important to the knowledge base of the field as they also show similarities to other developmental psychologists such as Mary Ainsworth, Erik Erikson, and Lawrence Kohlberg. Piaget’s cognitive stages draw a map for brain development, although it is known that some stages take longer for some individuals. From birth to two years, children are within the sensorimotor stage of development. They experience the world by sucking on objects, biting, and actions such as the rooting reflex. Eventually, they realize that objects do exist outside of their realm of vision through the notion of object permanence. Stranger anxiety is a relevant fear in this stage, as kids start to feel uncomfortable around non-caregivers. Until two years of age, the preoperational stage takes hold. Language develops through speech and symbols until it can be internalized into thoughts. Due to the underdeveloped frontal lobe, children are egocentric and need positive instructions to…

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