Essay on The Theory Of The Field Of Personality Psychology

2122 Words May 2nd, 2016 9 Pages
Throughout this semester we discussed many theorists and their many contributions to the field of personality psychology. While I enjoyed learning about the various contributions from the different theorists, throughout this semester I have identified several theorists that I like and a couple theorists that I dislike. The theorists that I like and agree with most include Rotter, Bandura, and Horney. The theorists that I don’t like as much as others are Allport and Eysenck, I don’t agree with some key points in their theories. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory was the central perspective in clinical psychology when Julian Rotter developed his social learning theory. The basic postulation of Rotter’s theory is that the majority of an individual’s behavior is learned and acquired through encounters with others (Ryckman, 2013). His theory accentuates the powerful influence of cognitive and environmental factors, as well as psychological factors on behavior. He believed that there was a basic unity that balanced personality from changing due to influences from small experiences, and that the majority of a person’s behavior is motivated by goals (Ryckman, 2013). Rotter’s social learning theory has four main components that influence behavior: behavior potential, expectancy, reinforcement value, and the psychological situation (Ryckman, 2013). Behavior potential concerns the probability that a person will take part in a specific behavior as a response to particular stimuli, and…

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