The Transformation of Old, Middle, and Modern English Essay

1521 Words Apr 9th, 2013 7 Pages
AN ANALYSIS OF LANGUAGE SHIFT; THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE OLD, MIDDLE, AND MODERN ENGLISH PRONOUNS

Muh. Fathan Zamani
The State Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Abstract
English has been an unquestionable language since first appearance in ancient time which was known as Old English. It was then transformed as Middle English with new style before being modern English until recent year. One of the slight differences of those patterns is the pronouns. As an English learner it is inadequate to learn modern English only with ignorance of both Old and Middle English. The paper is not created for the purpose of historical learning but rather to explain the process of changes and its relation with the language shift.
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Another example of language change is the observation in Pohnpei that the “high language” of respect used by the royal clan and also to address them is slowly dying out with a diminishing number of people capable of speaking it (Tawerilmang, 1996).

From this comparative data, the pronouns of English language are assumed to have some changes as stated in the table. The idea of the comparison is that a window of prehistory cases. The comparative method is too powerful to be shaken by a discovery of intractable data (Thomason, 43: 2007). This opinion will likely to be empowered by hypothesis of Warren Cowgil (1963): ‘if x in one morpheme of language A turns into y in environment z in A', a changed later form of A, then x will turn into y in environment z in every morpheme in A', unless the process is disturbed’ (Cowgil: 1963).

The fact is most of pronouns in the Old English turned into words with some changes e.g. Ich to I, þou to thou, and heo to she. The disturbance which is mentioned above leads into the Modern English pronouns with no slight differences. This is affected by the necessity of using language itself, rather than the grammar only.

The most important factors influencing language choice in this community are related to the participants of the interaction (Bobley, 3: 2000). The participants are assumed to be the speaker of particular language. Regarding English, the use of the

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