What Are the Main Features of Taylor’s Approach to ‘Scientific Management’, and What Criticisms Have Been Made of It? Do Firms Use Scientific Management Today?

1160 Words Sep 8th, 2013 5 Pages
What are the main features of Taylor’s approach to ‘Scientific Management’, and what criticisms have been made of it? Do firms use Scientific Management today?

Frederick Winslow Taylor, a mechanical engineer, developed a theory called 'Scientific Management' where he believed making people work as hard as they could was not as efficient as optimising the way the work was done. His arguments began from his observation that, in general, workers in repetitive jobs work at the slowest rate that they can get away with. This slow rate of work was described as 'soldiering' by Taylor. So, traditional and rules of thumb should be replaced by precise procedures developed after careful study of an individual at work to maximise productivity.
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(Taylor believed in co-operation and not individualism, this is crucial for a management to work efficiently and run successfully)
4. Allocate the work between managers and workers, so that the managers are responsible for the duties, i.e. planning and that workers should be only concerned about the carrying out of task according to the scientifically drawn procedures by the managers (This principle determines the concrete nature of roles to be played by different level of managers & workers).

Thus, these principle laid out by Taylor define his objectives and features in 'Scientific Management'; he wanted a certain approach to be followed: always a systematic, analytical and objective view to tackle problems. Taylor also believed in sustaining the economy; that all the unnecessary elements of production are eliminated and a sincere effort is made to achieve optimum production at the minimum cost. The main characteristic of Scientific Management is that there should always be a a Definite Plan before carrying out work, so the task is done by strictly following the rules and the plan. The principles clearly outline that the 'rule of thumb' should be ignored and there must be scientific methods to work with. Another feature is that all factors in an industry affecting the

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