What Is Organizational Psychology? Essay

1052 Words Sep 21st, 2010 5 Pages
What is Organizational Psychology? Organizational psychology has become a prominent necessity within companies all over the world, regardless of size. With the growing number of competitors providing similar services and stressful expectations of continued success, this position proves time and again to be one of crucial significance. Organizational Psychologists offer a corporation unbiased, fresh ideas in the area of improvement and advancement using various methods of analysis and research. The following paper will examine the field of organization psychology by defining, explaining the evolution, comparing and contrasting organizational psychology with related disciplines and analyzing the role of research and statistics.
Defining
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Industrial and organizational psychology was not established until sometime after that. Yet, many of the issues important to I/O psychology had been discussed long before then (McCarthy, 2002). The development and growth of Organizational psychology dates back to the early 1900’s beginning with the scientific study of organizational structure. Organization psychology made its first impact during World War II. Due to the large number of soldiers that were assigned to various units with-in the Army, organizational psychologists were hired to test the soldiers so they could be placed in the appropriated jobs. The testing used on the soldiers was known as the Army Alpha and the Army Beta tests. These test gauge the reading levels of the soldiers for intelligence (Aamodt, 2010) In the 1930’s organizational psychology grew becoming more involved in the quality of the work environment and the attitudes held by the employees. It was during this period that the Hawthorne studies were published that discussed many of the research findings of the working environment. The Hawthorne studies focused on lighting, wages, work schedules, temperature and break schedules and how each of these affected the worker. The Hawthorne studies are credited with being the inspiration for other organizational psychologists to increase the focus on human relations in the workplace and examine the effects of employee attitude (Aamodt, 2010). The

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